Higher engineering training for environmentally sustainable industrial development. 543966-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-BE-TEMPUS-JPCR
The HETES project This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) is responsible for the management of all Tempus actions.
Ukraine, as developing industrial country, faces the common problems of modern world, related to environmental footprint of industrial development such as depletion of mineral resources, anthropogenic pollution, climate change etc. Borderless biosphere and globalised economy make it impossible for any country to take up such challenges on its own. International and cross-European cooperation is increasingly important to ensure the sustainable development in future.
Societal needs, related to environmental challenges, require relevant human resource and, therefore, must be adequately addressed in the content and teaching methods of higher engineering education and lifelong training.
During the several decades in higher engineering education the content of training, related to environmental issues, was shaped around so called “cleaner production” concept. However, reaching of the environmental targets, established by society, will not be possible only by improvement of existing technologies and requires a synergy of more complex measures.
Therefore, a shift of echo-economic development paradigm is needed to ensure sustainable future. This will require reshaping the trajectories of technological innovation and the following issues must be highlighted:
- necessary reductions of CO2 emissions require the major technological changes and improvement of the existing processes will not be sufficient;
- shift from the “cleaner production” concept to the “industrial transformation” concept is required;
- more complex efforts to address synergies related to all levels of systems of industrial production, distribution and consumption are needed;
- future industrial transformation, aimed at the climate stabilization, will have considerable effects on economic activities, markets and behaviours.
To tackle the mentioned challenges the universities must be able to train the new generation of graduates equipped with knowledge and skills needed to respond effectively to the emerging needs of the society.